It does not seem a system wide fonts issue, because the Visual Studio crash is reproducible once per user session login, or that is what it seems for me. The things are like this:
After you boot the PC, log in your user account and set a style "for first time" in your current user session, and then try to run visual studio, it will crash.
But If you ran Visual Studio before setting any style in your current user session, then you can set any style and any current Visual Studio instance will not crash, and if you close Visual Studio, the next time you run it (in the current user session) it will NOT crash, regardless of the active theme.
For those reasons for me it seems a WindowBlinds bug more than a theme issue..