There was nothing wrong with the payback picture, You have not removed any posters abusive language posts which at times are vulgar or some could even be considered vulgar. However it is your forum do what you will, just next time take into context what was being posted. I know that most moderators do not thnk that fairness is a quality they need to have.
That's an opinion.
Ten years ago the images being removed were ones of severed heads of eagles and bloodstained US flags. It seems nothing changes in the life and death of Bin Laden.
Americans are a 'funny' bunch of people who by and large take offense at others [anyone] abusing or denigrating their 'icons', be that the Stars and Stripes being defaced/burned or monuments of their identity/liberty/ideals being tainted by association [and particularly poor photoshop].
In contrast Australians really don't care [about theirs], but as site Administrators we're all obliged to have respect for the sensibilities of the majority, not cater to the whims of the few, no matter where we are from.
Burying Bin Laden with appropriate speed shows respect for his religion, not for him.
The targets of his terrorism are better than he ever was. In hindsight he may have learned something from that. [were not that his demise makes it problematic]...