Need help with setting up a network

By on June 22, 2011 12:11:53 PM from GalCiv II Forums GalCiv II Forums

Mumblefratz

Join Date 07/2006
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I apologize in advance for the length of this post, hopefully there will be a few folks both knowledgeable enough and patient enough to wade through this and point me in the right direction.

All of my problems began when I switched from DSL to Cable internet service. With my DSL service I was provided a DSL modem which also contained a 4 port Ethernet switch. There was basically no configuration involved. I connected 2 PC’s and an Ethernet printer, all of which were configured to obtain an IP address automatically, to the switch. However although the computers and printer’s were setup to obtain an IP address automatically the switch merely assigned IP addresses based on which of the four Ethernet ports the device was connected to. Whatever was connected to Port 0 was always assigned 192.168.1.100, Port 1 was always assigned 192.168.101 and so on.

When I went to install my printer I first attempted to scan the network for it but the Printer Setup Wizard apparently couldn’t find it so instead I configured a TCP/IP port on each PC and installed the printer that way. I operated for many years in this configuration without problem until I switched to Cable.

I bought both a cable modem as well as a 4 port router (in retrospect I might have been better off just getting a switch or even a hub but I allowed myself to be convinced by the salesperson that a router was a better solution and of course it cost a bit more but whatever). All in all the cable modem together with the 4 port router was pretty much the same configuration as the combined DSL modem and switch however the issue was that instead of IP addresses being assigned simply based on which physical port the device was connected to, the IP address was “leased” for a default 2 hours up to a maximum of 48 hours. After the lease time is up then the IP addresses will go back in the pool ready to be reassigned to whichever device is first turned on (I assume).

The problem with this was again the fact that the Printer Setup wizard could not find the printer on the network and so again I configured a hard coded IP printer port on each PC which worked just fine until at some point when the IP leases ran out and the printer for whatever reason was not assigned the same IP address.

I could simply configure multiple Printer IP ports and simply change the port of my printer every 2 days when and if the IP address changed. However the printer is a multifunction and has a scanner and while simply changing the port worked for the printer the scanner had to be uninstalled and then reinstalled to the new printer IP each and every time this occurred.

But anyway I did work perfectly fine in this configuration for awhile before finally I became sick of uninstalling and then reinstalling my scanner each time this happened that I decided to do something else.

One thing I could have done that would have been more straightforward would be to have attached the printer directly to one PC via USB and then share it out so that the other PC could use it but that meant I would have to have both PC’s on when I wanted to print from the other PC. I didn’t care for this solution.

Another possible solution was to assign a fixed IP address outside of the range of addresses controlled by the Routers DHCP server in which case the PC’s could continue to obtain their IP’s automatically but could also print to a fixed IP. However this really doesn’t fix my issues since because it has a memory card reader that I do need to access, this solution has the problems that the solution I’m currently trying to get to work has.

The solution that I’m trying to get to work now is to disable the routers DHCP server and assign fixed IP’s for all three devices, both PC’s and the Printer. This is where my hell really began. Basically throughout all of the following different configurations that I tried I have always been able to access the internet from both PC’s and I have always been able to print from either PC to the Printer as well as scan items from the Printer to either PC. They only thing that I have not been reliably able to do is to access the local workgroup and see all three devices.

I have tried every option that I could think of as well as every option that I could stumble into over the internet related to being “unable to access workgroup” and every permutation of the wording that I could google.

I’ve turned on and off all of the following services in so many different permutations that I’ve lost count, certainly in the hundreds.

Application Layer Gateway Service
Computer Browseer
DHCP Client
DNS Client
IPSEC Services
Network Connections
Network Location Awareness
Remote Access Connection Manager
Server
TCP/IP NetBIOS Helper
Terminal Services
Windows Firewall/Internet Connection Sharing (ICS)

and probably a few more that I forgot about.

In conjunction with what seems like every possible permutation of the above services I’ve also both enabled and disabled simple file sharing (Explorer > Tools > Folder Options > View > Simple File sharing) as well as configuring the network connection to both enable or disable NetBIOS over TCP/IP.

As if the above matrix of possibilities were not enough I’ve also enabled and disabled my Kaspersky Firewall. Changed the network back and forth between “Trusted” to “Local” (i.e. only file and printer sharing allowed), as well as removing Kaspersky entirely.

Throughout all of the uncountable and unknowable permutations of settings I’ve had  many them work to various extents. In some cases I see all three devices and can read shared memory devices from each. In other cases I can only see both PC’s but not the printer, in other cases I can see only the PC I’m “on” at the time and in other cases I see the workgroup but it’s empty and finally in some cases the workgroup is ‘unaccessible”.

The problem is that even though I’ve found a number of different configurations that cause me to be able to see all three devices and be able to read shared files from any one to the other, the problem is that when I save that configuration and simply restart the PC I’ve never had a single one of them that continued to work after a restart so each power up I go off tweaking an number of different items until something finally made it work but again on reboot I was always back to square one and the same changes no longer worked.

The one thing I haven't really done is played with lmhosts and WINS.

So anyone got any clue here?

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June 22, 2011 3:36:19 PM from WinCustomize Forums WinCustomize Forums

You didn't specify what router hardware you bought, so it is impossible to give any specifics. However, there are several generic approaches to resolving your issue(s).

1) Reset the router to its default configuration with all network devices disconnected. Usually, this means holding the reset button for at least 9 seconds. The button is typically located inside a small hole on the back or bottom of the router.

2) Since you are dealing with a router, there will be one network port clearly labeled WAN which MUST be connected to the cable modem.

3) Starting with one PC, reconfigure its network connection to require DHCP and connect it to one of the router's LAN switch ports.

4) Open a command console and type IPCONFIG. Check that IP, gateway and DNS addresses as well as the subnet mask have been assigned by the router's DHCP server. Open a web browser and see if you can access any web site.

5) Repeat steps 3 and 4 for additional PCs.

6) Network printer configurations do not work reliably with DHCP as the IP address may change with a new lease. Pick a fixed IP address that is outside the router's DHCP range (check the manual) and configure the printer's IP address and subnet mask accordingly.

7) On one of the PCs either create a new printer definition or modify an existing one to point at the IP address assigned in step 6.

8) Repeat step 7 for any additional PCs.

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June 22, 2011 4:09:04 PM from WinCustomize Forums WinCustomize Forums

You can use DHCP and have it give the same IP address each time to the devices.

As KKU stated, it will be impossible to get real granular with this until we know the exact brand and model of the router.

What you will need is the MAC address of each device. ( do ipconfig /all and note the "Physical Address" of the network adapters. It will be in a xx-xx-xx-xx-xx-xx format) In your router you can assign this MAC address to a specific IP address and it will stick.

For your printer, you will have to print a setup page to determine what the mac is. Once again, without specifics .....

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June 22, 2011 4:24:34 PM from Sins of a Solar Empire Forums Sins of a Solar Empire Forums

I have the same setup the OP describes but I never did hook up the printer/scanner to the router direct. I have it hooked direct to the main computer which is part of a workgroup. The printer is shared over the network but nobody uses it, the noobs just get me to print the odd doc so I will have to test again make sure it works.

I will follow this thread as I would like to see if hooking the printer/scanner direct to the router is a better option.

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June 22, 2011 5:45:15 PM from WinCustomize Forums WinCustomize Forums

My Canon MP830 printer/copier/fax is connected to my file/print server via USB, so I have no personal issues with network printers. However, as a retired Windows/Linux administrator, I have had to deal with many work related network issues including networked printers. Assigning a static IP address to a networked printer that is outside of the router's DHCP pool of addresses is the only sure way that all computers can access it.

There are three idioms that apply, especially with the various unknowns in a forum post:

1) Keep it simple.

2) Read the fine manual.

3) When you find yourself in a hole, put down the shovel.

 

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June 22, 2011 6:00:09 PM from Stardock Forums Stardock Forums

 

Hi Mumble,

 

If you only have a few network devices (ie between 10-15) then it is always easiest to just set up a static IP for each and never have to worry about things again.

 

The important considerations with regard to static addressing are that all addresses remain subnetted to the same network ID (in order to "see" the rest of said network) and retain the correct upstream gateway information so they won't have issues "finding" resources locally or on the internet.

 

The easiest option with a home network is to tailor your IP addressing scheme to match the default of your router.  The first step in switching from a "dynamic" addressing scheme at home to a "static" on is to disable the router's DHCP server (of course understand that anyone coming to your home and wanting to use your internet will then have to assign a static IP that corresponds with your network temporarily while they are connected to your network).

If your router for example uses:

IP               -        192.168.0.1

subnet        -        255.255.255.0   (subnetting in layman's terms tells the protocol which portion of the IP address denotes the host ID and which portion is the network ID)

For all devices connected to the same switch to be able to "see" one another they all must have the SAME subnet information.

 

Then your first network device could use:

IP                     -     192.168.0.2   <--------- change the LAST digit only for additional network devices such as printers, laptops, cellphones, TV's etc. etc.

subnet              -      255.255.255.0

gateway            -      192.168.0.1    <------ the network device's UPSTREAM which in this case is the router so its IP needs to be there

primary DNS      -      192.168.0.1    <------ who the network device needs to "talk" to in order to find things locally or internet (and since the router will have auto-discovered your ISP's DNS for it's own UPSTREAM "talking") so you again enter your router's IP address there.

second DNS       -   LEAVE BLANK   < --------  while you can put one of your ISP's DNS servers in there as a "failover" it is not necessary.

 

^^^ rinse and repeat.

 

done!  

 

The above is the most simplistic way of setting up a STATIC home network.  Also, you can turn those services which you turned off back on.

 

the Monk

 

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June 22, 2011 7:31:02 PM from GalCiv II Forums GalCiv II Forums

Thanks for the responses. First off the specific router is a Dynex DX-E402, the datasheet is available here. Good luck getting much detail out of it as it really only lists the Advanced menus without describing any of them in detail and virtually all of what we're talking about here is handled under the "Advanced menus".

@kku, This would work fine except for one issue and that is that I'm using the universal media interface in the printer to be able to read the different memory cards from three different cameras.

Note that as I mentioned throughout all of this I have no problem with either PC accessing the internet nor do I have any issue with either PC being able to use the printer for both print and scan functions. The only problem that I am having is in accessing the media interface of the printer. To do this you would use an Explorer window and navigate to "My Network Places > Entire Network > Microsoft Windows Network > Workgroup" under which you would expect to see the 2 PC's and any directories that they've shared out along with the Printer and it's media card reader.

While it's true that I'm specifically having issue with viewing this Workgroup when using fixed IP addresses on all three devices I suspect that I would still have the issues I'm having now even if the only fixed IP address is that of the printer.

However this may be worth a try if nothing else suggests itself.

@Phoon, Yes that is an alternative method that I was intending for my next step. Instead of trying to configure a network with static IP's I could continue to configure all of my devices including the printer to Dynamic IP's and all I really need to do is to "reserve" a constant IP address for the Printer. There is in fact a menu that "appears" to provide this function the only problem here is that I'm just guessing since it's defined in a sub menu of the Router's DCHP menu which is not even listed in the manual let alone described.

As far as MAC addresses by this time I'm quite familiar with the MAC addresses of every device in my system. They are listed along with the "leased" IP's assigned by the router in DHCP mode. Also I can easily read the printers info through the control panel or knowing the Printer's IP I can just "logon" to the Printer by directing a browser to the Printer's IP (in my case 192.168.1.102) just as I can use the browser to access the router (192.168.1.1) or even the cable modem (192.168.100.1), although the cable modem contains pretty much only status as nothing much, if anything, is configurable in the cable modem..

@kku again, Remember it's not the printer that I have any problem accessing, it's accessing the Printer's media card when the Printer has a fixed IP, via the local Workgroup that I'm having issues with.

@all, You seem to be mistaking my problem to some extent and perhaps it's because I didn't explain it very well, however it's not really setting up the network that's a problem. As I mentioned in all of these myriad of configurations *all* of them "worked" on the basis that both PC's were able to to access the internet and both PC's were able to print to and scan from the Printer. In other words all the normal data paths worked fine in all cases.

The only thing that does not work is when you use an Explorer window to look at shared folders on each of the individual PC's or Printer. This is really only used to pass files from one PC to the other or to read the data off a memory card inserted into the Printer's universal media reader.

In actuality I've just discovered that those connections are in fact always there they just aren't always recognized which implies to me some sort of name server issue.

I say this because even when I open an Explorer Window and cannot find any devices under "Workgroup" I can still use the Map Network dirve functionality and enter in the paths that I know to be there i.e.

\\Computer0\Shared
\\Computer1\Shared
\\NPI8424A8\memory_card

I don't even have to complete the drive mapping since once I enter in the path I can thereafter "browse" to each device and after doing this for all three devices they all now suddenly appear in Explorer.

This actually now starts to make some sense. It wasn't any particular service being enabled or disabled or firewall disabled or restarted that was the key to "fixing" the problem. The only thing that all of these things have in common is that they all represent some change in how the network was configured and therefore would some way or another require the networked to be re-read or re-initialized thereby causing the devices that were there all along to now be suddenly visible. That also explains why when I rebooted the PC with that exact configuration that the Workgroup devices were still not visible because that was now part of the default configuration and no later reinitialization of the network occurred at least until I poked the next network thing thereby causing the network to be re-initialized (or whatever).

I just tried one quick thing which was to put the IP's of Computer0, Computer1 and Npi8424a8 (the Printer) into the C:\Windows\system32\drivers\etc\hosts file (a legacy prior to the existence of name servers left over from Unix, if my understaqnding of this file is correct) but that really didn't seem to help.

I think at this point I'll try Phoon's idea which was to set everything up as dynamic IP's but just try to setup the router so that it always reissues the same IP to at least the printer so that the printer IP is virtually "fixed" although to the local network everything acts as if it's the standard dynamic setup.

However even if that "fixes" the problem it really is more of a workaround as opposed to figuring out how to have fixed IP devices reliably appear in Explorer under your Network Workgroup path.

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June 22, 2011 7:40:30 PM from GalCiv II Forums GalCiv II Forums

A picture is worth a thousand words so perhaps this will help.

The only problem I'm having is being able to always and reliably see my two PC's and the Printer under the "Workgroup" path. As I've said I have no issues with either PC accesing the internet or in printing to or scanninbg from. I just can't seem to get my devices to appear by default under Workgroup even though they are always there, they're just not visible until I randomly poked around with the network for a bit.

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June 22, 2011 9:46:06 PM from Stardock Forums Stardock Forums

 

Unfortunately what you're describing is a problem related to the "election process" with regard to the "Computer Browser" service.  Essentially when running a network (workgroup) without the benefit of a server someone still has to sort of hold a "master list" of paths on the network etc.  This is somewhat accomplished by the "Computer Browser" service in a very WINS-like (legacy windows) fashion.

What I'm saying is, since you're not running a server and aren't interested in using static IP's (this means the "computer browser" service will require more updates to keep network paths etc. correct) your best bet is to keep at least one of the machines on your network consistenly powered on and part of the network.  This will ensure that the entire network is "learned" by the service and will be propogated throughout the network to other computers running the same service. 

Of course you can't control exactly when this data is propogated over to the other systems so keeping at least one system on at all times should help with at least that system retaining correct information.

 

EDIT:  Of course it goes without saying that "network discovery" must be allowed on all machines and the actual workgroup name must be the same on all machines.  Oh and under advanced TCP/IP properties you should make sure that "Netbios over TCP/IP" is set to enabled since network discovery will be using that.

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June 22, 2011 11:32:13 PM from GalCiv II Forums GalCiv II Forums

Thanks Monk, that actually made some sense to me except that the issue occured only *when* I was using static IP's and not when using DHCP supplied IP's. I'm agnostic between static and dynamic as long as I can get all of the functions I'm looking for which is reliable net access and printer use as well as reliable local Workgroup access.

I did pretty much assume that was the function of the Computer Browser service and generally did have it on on both PC's except for the occassional test to the contrary also both PC's had the same workgroup entitled "WORKGROUP" after all I ran that same workgroup for years when I had DSL as opposed to cable.

Not sure what you mean by Network Discovery though unless you mean Network Location Awareness which is somethign I also presumed was needed again except for the occassional test. The only service I know of with the word "discovery" in it is SSDP Discovery Service which enables discovery of UPnP devices which is something I typically keep disabled. I definitely did have NetBIOS over TCP/IP enabled as well as the had the TCP/IP NetBIOS Helper Service set to Automatic.

However it could very well have been a matter of not having a PC always powered up (something I really don't want to have to do) and simply not waiting long enough for the names to propogate through the system. I doubt I waited much longer than 5 minutes for the Workgroup entries to become availble before I reset the PC and tried something else.

If there really is a network Discovery service then perhaps that was my problem.


In the mean time I did implement Phoon's suggestion and that appears to work so far. I'm a bit hesitant to be overly certain and I want to see it work for at least a day or so before I declare victory but so far that has worked very well over a number of reboots of all the devices.

Basically the idea was to setup everything for dynamic IP addresses but simply reserve specific ones for the MAC addresses of the devices on the network.

I do have a few anomalies probably left over from some funky service tweaks or whatever those should be easy enough to fix.

I do have one thing I've noticed that hasn't appeared to make a difference but it is a bit concerning. When I last had everythig configured dynamically both the Primary DNS suffix and the Connection-specific DNS Suffix were empty now I have a Connection-specific DNS Suffix of 0.0.0.0 and I'm not sure where that's coming from nor am I sure that it's not a problem. If anyone has any knowledge about this then I'd appreciate it. The 0.0.0.0 also appears as the DNS Suffix Search List, not sure if this is something else or essentially a duplication of the connection specific DNS Suffix.

So the bottom line is at this point I do appear to at least have a workaroud however it would be good to know why it seems to be so difficult to have a consistent Workgroup when using fixed IP addresses and what one could do if you really needed fixed IP's.

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June 23, 2011 12:45:08 AM from JoeUser Forums JoeUser Forums

I'm probably missing the boat here, but your router LAN configuration dialog should allow you to both use the router as a DHCP server and reserve specific IP addresses for specific devices - you can have static IP addresses designated for your networked PC's and networked (cabled or wireless) printers/scanners/etc.

I don't use a/the Computer Browser service so I'm in the dark there, but I'm not sure how that relates to assignment of LAN IP addresses by the router.

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June 23, 2011 1:38:58 AM from Stardock Forums Stardock Forums

Quoting Mumblefratz,
If there really is a network Discovery service then perhaps that was my problem.

 

I didn't mean that there was a service called "network discovery" I meant certain services collectively used to perform "network discovery" such as:

 

DNS client service

FDResPub service (Function Discovery Resource Publication)

SSDPSrv and UPnPhost services

 

Generally speaking those 4 services make up "network discovery" on newer windows operating systems.  Older windows operating systems don't refer to it as "network discovery" but the end result using Netbios and workstation broker services is the same.

 

 

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June 23, 2011 10:13:17 AM from GalCiv II Forums GalCiv II Forums

Quoting Daiwa,
I'm probably missing the boat here, but your router LAN configuration dialog should allow you to both use the router as a DHCP server and reserve specific IP addresses for specific devices
Yes it did and at this point that is my workaround. The issue was that the "manual" for the router didn't mention this at all and the menu involved with reserving IP addresses was not totally obvious. However when Phoon suggested this exact thing above then I poked around until I found it. But without someone's suggestion I had no way to simply intuit this functionality.

The other point in all this is why can't you have a Workgroup setup with fixed IP's and still have all members of the workgroup reliably visible to each other? Seems like someone would have stumbled over this issue before but perhaps networks with a bunch of fixed IP addresses like those at work are managed in a domain with dedicated domain servers. I'm just trying to network a pair of PC's and a Printer/scanner with a universal media card reader together on the cheap and had no previous experience with a router.

Quoting the_Monk,
DNS client service

FDResPub service (Function Discovery Resource Publication)

SSDPSrv and UPnPhost services
I'm not familiar with FDResPub it's probably Win 7 services. I'm still on XP.

Also from what I've been told UPnP is basically evil and should be disabled although at the moment I don't recall precisely why.

I generally try to avoid aotumatically starting services that therefore run at all times whether they're needed or not. A manual service that starts up when needed and shuts down when finished is a thing of bueaty to me too bad it's the rare service that actually operates like that. There are quite a few you can set to manual and they'll stay out of your way until needed and then they' trun on but they forget to turn themselves off afterwards and those are still far better than services that must be set to automatic.

Take the print spooler for example. I may actually need to print one out of every ten times I power up my PC. So why should I have my print spooler set to run automatically? When I need to print I just take the extra step to start the service. Most people would say why bother and if all we were talking about was a single service I would agree however if you use that attitude you'll soon fing yourself with 50+ processes always running with no idea of what half of them even do.

I've pretty much kept myself down to 15 processes on bootup including my security suite. His is with XP Pro 32 bit I'm sure Win 7 would require quite a few more than this but still if you don't care what operates on your PC then it will control you as opposed to the other way around.

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June 23, 2011 11:57:48 AM from JoeUser Forums JoeUser Forums

My setup sounds just like yours, Mumble.  Still on XP here, too.  I have a desktop to which the router is cabled (cable modem -> router -> desktop) with a printer (ethernet) cabled to the router.  My other 2 laptops connect via wireless.  I'm a little anal about security, so I use MAC filtering, non-broadcast SSID & WPA2 encryption.  My printer is 'local' using a TCP/IP port.  My workgroup is the same on each PC (the one that shows up in the My Computer properties dialog).

Once I've entered all the devices & assigned reserved IP addresses in the router dialog, I enable drive sharing on the desktop & notebooks for the drives I want the other PC's on the network to 'see' and then map to them on each respectively.  The printer is installed on each PC using the same TCP/IP port assignment.  This all seems to work.  Don't have a stand-alone card reader, but most I've seen are USB cabled to a PC; a drive letter is auto-assigned to each individual slot of the reader and those can be shared like any HD or USB backup drive, etc.

Maybe that helps?

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June 24, 2011 12:06:38 PM from GalCiv II Forums GalCiv II Forums

Quoting Daiwa,
I'm a little anal about security, so I use MAC filtering, non-broadcast SSID & WPA2 encryption. My printer is 'local' using a TCP/IP port.
Not sure about this. Is this a router function?

Quoting Daiwa,
The printer is installed on each PC using the same TCP/IP port assignment. This all seems to work. Don't have a stand-alone card reader, but most I've seen are USB cabled to a PC
I had this as an option as well I could have connect all three over USB for Printer/Scanner access. I also could have used the USB as access to the Printer's card reader but I would have had to install basically what amounts to a USB network on each PC simply to get to the card reader.

All of this seemed like a bit too much in added cabling and software when I clearly needed at least the PC's to have ethernet connections to the router seemed like a natural to connect the printers ethernet directly to the router as well.

Quoting Daiwa,
I enable drive sharing on the desktop & notebooks for the drives I want the other PC's on the network to 'see' and then map to them on each respectively.
Do you actually map them as a network drive that's reconnected on logon? If so this is actually an easier way that doesn't really need everything that you need to be able to see the workgroup reliably under all conditions.

 


 

My issues all probably stem from being very particular about what services run on my PC as well as what software runs and what ancillary processes/software is required by any new piece of software that I might otherwise be interested in.

I'm not gullible enough to believe that uninstalling some software that does something I don't want it to do actually really cleans up after itself and though I do have a pretty decent and aggressive registry cleaner I prefer to avoid the situation entirely wherever possible. I also don't trust restore points or any backup service that requires the OS be "live" during the backup.

The only kind of backup I trust is the Norton Ghost 2003 that I have that boots from the floppy and takes a boot drive image while the OS is inert. That what I do before embarking on any kind of software install or system modification like this. That way if something bad happens I can always get back to the *identical* state prior to the modifications without any potential time bombs left in the registry or an otherwise incomplete uninstall.

Anyway at this point, I think I'm straightened out but it was a real pain in the ass.

The bottom line was that I had no issue with either PC accessing the internet nor any problem printing to or scanning from the Printer under any of the myriad (which literally means ten thousand) combinations of settings and services that I checked.

The only issue was involved in being able to access shared directories between the two PC's as well as be able to access the universal media card reader in the Printer.

One thing I definitely found out was that if you setup your network to use static IP's there was no way,at least that I could find, that allowed you to reliably access all three members of the Workgroup.

The reason I needed to use static IP's as opposed to the more standard dynamic assignment through a DHCP server (usually provide by the router) was because when I used this method and I tried to scan the network for a network attached printer for whatever reason the Printer setup wizard could not find it so I had to resort to setting up a hard coded IP printer port on each of the PC's. This was fine until the lease on the IP's ran out and for whatever reason the Printer was not assigned the same IP. At first I simply configured another IP printer port and changed the printer to that which worked fine for the printer but not the scanner. To get the scanner to work I had to uninstall the Printer/Scanner and then reinstall to the new printer port. This got to be a major pain in the ass even with the lease time set to its maximum of 48 hours.

So then I tried static IP's but like I mentioned above there was no way that I could find that allowed you to reliably access all three members of the Workgroup. I could see some devices some of the time under various but like I said nothing was reliable from one boot to the next.

Si then I discovered that I could continue to use the DHCP seerver in the modem and have it allocate IP's but also I could reserve an IP address for the MAC address of a specific device in the system. This essentially made the lease's permanent although in the status the lease was said to be valid only until 2038 but since I'll be dead by then I figure that's close enough.

Even with these changes I wasn't quite out of the woods yet. I'm a notorious service tweak hound and previously I had my default configuration down to 15 services including my full security suite running, 16 services if I had a browser open and that was a perfectly stable situation for years prior to switching over to DSL service.

Anyway I found a few things that I didn't previously know about services. For one turning a service on after boot is entirely different than having it start automatically. Basically starting up a service after boot may in fact cause some function to work but if you start the service automatically it might not work. You also get the converse where starting up a service after boot doesn't cause something to work but starting it automatically does. In order to avoid having to do something else before you can do what you want I prefer to have everything I want work right from bootup.

Another thing is that although the descriptions do give some general guidance it's not totally clear whether you need something that from the description you would think has to be required to make something work nor is it certain that you don't need something simply because it's description has nothing to do with the thing in question nor is it necessarily a required underpinning of something that you do need.

Basically if you're going to tweak services you need to change one thing at a time and then reboot before testing a feature then once you have that feature working you can again turn off one service at a time then reboot to see if that feature still works.

Also note that not every service that you turn on actually causes a new service to appear under Taskman. For example a number of services turn on svchost.exe under the SYSTEM user. Others create an instantiation of svchost under NETWORK SERVICE and others create a svchost under LOCAL SYSTEM. Often starting another service that shares the same service and username doesn't actually add a new service it just makes the previous service just a bit larger, but other times it might just and another instantiation of the service under the same username.

The bottom line of the services that I need to explicitly set to Automatic, under XP Home are the following. In XP Pro I did not apparently need DNS Client but since I needed it on the other PC I set it to Automatic on the XP Pro system even though it cost me an "extra" instantiation of svchost.exe running under the NETWORK SERVICE user.

Computer Browser
DNS Client
Network Location Awareness
WebClient

The converse of this is that if you don't have a local Workgroup you can turn these services off (and probably a few more that I'm not aware of).

All of this just to get a local workgroup running.

One other discovery I made related to this was that if you open an Explorer window and go to View tab the very first option under Files and Folders is to "Automatically search for network folder and printers" if you check this box you actually get an item directly under My Network Places > Entire Network without having to actually dive down into Microsoft Windows network > Workgroup and in many cases provide access to all the shared folders in the network even if all of the network devices haven't been "discovered" yet for whatever the reason. While this is a coll feature I didn't want to count entirely on it hence the instance that all network devices be visible for the others through the normal Workgroup path.

All of the above seem more related to simply being able to find the devices and directories under them because in pretty much all cases the path was "there" already even though the PC might not know it. For example even without the above services you could simply open an Explorer window and map a network drive simply by typing the known path in and browse to the directory. You don't even have to complete the mapping but now suddenly that device would appear in the Workgroup and be accessible via that path.

All in all two total extra services to have this reliable under all conditions without having to do anything funky to get it to work was worth it to me. To most people that probably have 30 to 40 default services running from the start probably would never notice any of this, but then they'd be relegated to running a whole bunch of crap that they don't need and have no knowledge of and that's something I'm not willing to do even though it causes me the occasional problem like this. But then that's another story.

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June 24, 2011 1:38:34 PM from Stardock Forums Stardock Forums

Quoting Mumblefratz,
One thing I definitely found out was that if you setup your network to use static IP's there was no way,at least that I could find, that allowed you to reliably access all three members of the Workgroup.

 

Incorrect.  I only run static IP's and have never had an issue whatsoever, of course I also don't agressively service-manage (ala internet-joe's like Black Viper etc.) so "network discovery" has never been an issue for any of my systems.

Choosing STATIC or DYNAMIC IP's has absolutely nothing to do with the success or failure rate of "network discovery".........if anything it had to do with your service-managing just so you know. 

The other thing with services.  You said you like to limit things.  No problem there except for the fact that people like Black Viper etc. who talk about which services are needed and not do not give the full list of service dependencies (they can't because MS hasn't in many cases provided them either) so people end up disabling a service that handles A (which they've determined they don't need) but the service also performs or is required for reliable B operation (which the person doesn't know about because MS's service description or dependencies list is incomplete).

My suggestion as always is to only disable services after you've educated yourself enough about the individual service and any/all potential depedencies in any myriad of situations (which can of course become rather time-consuming). 

When I ran XP (I didn't have a need for a workgroup back then) my system booted in 21 seconds to a complete desktop and at idle had exactly 12 services running in the taskmgr.  Now that I'm running Windows 7 my system still boots to a clean desktop in under 30 seconds but I have 32 services running at idle.  Of course I also have 8GBs of RAM and ooodles more processing power since that XP machine so I'm not as agressive with service-management these days.  At the end of the day what I'm saying is:  It's easy to kill services, just make sure you're not killing the usability of your system at the same time.

 

the Monk

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June 24, 2011 8:09:48 PM from JoeUser Forums JoeUser Forums

Quoting Mumblefratz,
Not sure about this. Is this a router function?

Yes.  If you're not using any wireless devices, it's moot, however.  Those settings are just to secure the wireless signal (to the extent you can).

I suppose your efforts at running 'bare minimum services' are to be applauded, but from a practical point of view I'm unclear how much you really gain from those efforts.

I just checked TaskManager & there are currently 53 processes running and I can't say as I have any speed issues with routine use (until apple's sync client runs, sucks up 60-80% of the CPU and sometimes crashes, which is at least once ever day or two, but that's another story).

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June 24, 2011 8:53:10 PM from WinCustomize Forums WinCustomize Forums

As I said in my last post: "keep it simple"!

If you can't establish basic network connectivity, then all of these other "issues" and "solutions" are irrelevant! The default router configuration should be acceptable for any basic home network. Static IP addresses are just not worth the grief. With DHCP each system automatically receives an IP address along with the equally important subnet mask, gateway and DNS addresses.

I worked on a corporate network that included over 1000 Windows and Linux computers. The computer security department demanded that we use static IP addresses until the day that we had to change the network structure. Boy, that was almost as much fun as the Y2K fiasco!

Some of these other "comments" such as SSID and WPA2 are completely baffling at these are wireless concepts that do not apply in this case. MAC address filtering is a useful wireless feature that is of little use on a hardwired network.

Use the default router configuration. Setup all PCs to use DHCP and use static IP addresses on only those systems such as networked printers.

Only when you have some experience with the many subtle issues associated with networks, do you want to start hacking at the default setup.

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June 24, 2011 10:58:38 PM from JoeUser Forums JoeUser Forums

Quoting kku,
Some of these other "comments" such as SSID and WPA2 are completely baffling at these are wireless concepts that do not apply in this case.

Most of life baffles me, but context was provided for those comments.

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June 24, 2011 11:50:09 PM from GalCiv II Forums GalCiv II Forums

Quoting the_Monk,
Incorrect. I only run static IP's and have never had an issue whatsoever, of course I also don't agressively service-manage (ala internet-joe's like Black Viper etc.) so "network discovery" has never been an issue for any of my systems.

Choosing STATIC or DYNAMIC IP's has absolutely nothing to do with the success or failure rate of "network discovery".........if anything it had to do with your service-managing just so you know.
You're probably correct but then that's why I qualified my statement.

"One thing I definitely found out was that if you setup your network to use static IP's there was no way, at least that I could find, that allowed you to reliably access all three members of the Workgroup."

It doesn't mean a solution doesn't exist it just means that I couldn't find one and it really wasn't for lack of trying. I essentially turned on everything that seemed to have even the most tenuous connection to the issue to no avail but once I switched back to dynamically allocated albeit reserved IP's I had no real difficulty making it work. Clearly there seems to be some advantage to dynamic IP's over static.

Quoting the_Monk,
My suggestion as always is to only disable services after you've educated yourself enough about the individual service and any/all potential depedencies in any myriad of situations (which can of course become rather time-consuming).
Agreed, however you don't educated yourself by sitting back and leaving things as they are simply because you're afraid to touch something you don't understand either. My take is that if I look at something and I don't think I need it then I turn it off and sooner or later I'll either determine why it is that I do need it or prove that in fact I don't.

For example a number of Tweaking guides as well as Auslogic's Boostspeed services optimizer suggests turning off Terminal Services. I did that and the only downside that I could determine was that whenever I brought up Taskman it didn't show the username that each process was running under. To some I suppose this doesn't matter hence the guidance but to me it was sufficient to turn it back on. However if I never played with it I still would have no idea what it really does.

Quoting Daiwa,
Yes. If you're not using any wireless devices, it's moot, however. Those settings are just to secure the wireless signal (to the extent you can).
Ah. I see. I protect myself by simply not using wireless but then I don't have a laptop and I suppose wireless is the best way to go with a laptop.

I did read something recently where a SWAT team broke into a guys house early one morning and dragged the guy away in cuffs in front of his family. It turns out the the kid next door had used his wireless access to download kiddie porn. However it took some time to prove that was the case and the guy's life was hell in the meantime as you can imagine.

I try to avoid things like that.

Quoting kku,
Only when you have some experience with the many subtle issues associated with networks, do you want to start hacking at the default setup.
Other than taking a whole lot of IT classes the best way I've found to figure things out is to take them apart and put them together again. Occasionally I bite off more than I can chew but I can usually stumble into a solution sometimes with a hint or two from someone more knowledgeable.

Isn't that pretty much what this forum is about?

Quoting the_Monk,
Of course I also have 8GBs of RAM and ooodles more processing power since that XP machine so I'm not as agressive with service-management these days
It's this attitude that really kills me.

Please don't take the following personal it's just kind of a pet peeve with me.

[rant]

I've been a hardware engineer all my life and without going into a whole bunch of gory details about the kinds of design experience I've had over the last 35 years or so, suffice to say that I've seen overall hardware processing speeds literally increase a thousandfold over that time period.

Over the same amount of time what has been the *real* productivity increase of overall systems comprised of both software and hardware? In real terms I'd suggest that real productivity has perhaps doubled or perhaps tripled but I'll be extremely generous and stipulate to a ten fold overall system productivity increase. So what's the bottom line? Hardware has increased a thousandfold (MHz to GHz) and overall system improvement has increased ten times. That means that over the last thirty years software has wasted a potential 100 fold system level improvement.

So don't talk to me that hardware's so much faster so it's OK to write crap code to waste 99% of any hardware improvements.

As far as what difference the level of tweaking that I do makes the only concrete example I know of was playing GalCiv2 and being able to upgrade 17,000 ships at one time where the best anyone else could do was closer to 12 to 13,000. As to why anyone would care one way or another had to do with how the game was scored but on a cpu and memory intensive operation against folks with similar or even better hardware I could do close to 30% better than they could and the only difference in our systems was the level of tweaking.

[/rant]

So anyway thanks for all your advice. It did in fact help me to get to where I wanted to go even if it's not exactly where everyone else wanted me to go.

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June 25, 2011 1:21:38 AM from Stardock Forums Stardock Forums

Mumble,

Don't worry, nothing taken personally over here.    I absolutely agree with you about the exponential increase in hardware which is not even remotely being realised however in software.  I do however also know that part of my reasons for tweaking my previous machines the way I used to was because I'm actually very much OCD. 

I'm trying to get better Mumble (my wife has threatned to leave me if my OCD doesn't get better...j/k).....which is why I'm trying my damndest not to care about a few little extraneous services......hehe 

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June 25, 2011 2:51:19 PM from GalCiv II Forums GalCiv II Forums

My reason is simply historical.

If I had my druthers we'd still be running Windows for Workgroups 3.11. As far as I'm concerned everything since then has been pretty much downhill. If you understood autoexec.bat, config.sys, win.ini and system.ini you pretty much knew everything there was know about your PC. I pretty much knew every single file, what it did and why I needed it.

Since then it's just gotten more and more abstract for very little added benefit except for having a common video interface.

Basically I still view a PC as a my personal computer and I object to software providers that treat my machine as if the sole reason for it's existence is to run their software and they're free to install any piece of ancillary code they feel like without asking permission.

To me keeping a handle on my services is merely an extension of the concern I have about being in control of what runs on my PC and when it runs. That's why I don't allow anything to update automatically (keeping Adobe updates in check are a particular pain) and instead check for updates when I want to and only accepting those updates that I want to accept.

I know I'm fighting a losing battle but I still try to keep as much control over my machine as reasonably possible.

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June 25, 2011 4:12:07 PM from JoeUser Forums JoeUser Forums

Quoting Mumblefratz,
I know I'm fighting a losing battle but I still try to keep as much control over my machine as reasonably possible.

There's a little Luddite in all of us.

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